According to the National Stroke Association, stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and a leading cause of serious, long-term adult disability in the U.S. A stroke can happen to anyone at any time, regardless of race, sex or age. It is estimated that one stroke will occur every 40 seconds. It is important to know your risk. Click here for a downloadable Stroke Risk Scorecard.
A stroke, sometimes called a brain attack, occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In either case, parts of the brain become damaged or die.
There are two types of stroke. An ischemic stroke occurs when blood clots or other particles block the blood vessels to the brain. Fatty deposits called plaque can also cause blockages by building up in the blood vessels.
The second type, hemorrhagic stroke, occurs when a blood vessel bursts in the brain. Blood accumulates and compresses the surrounding brain tissue.
Stroke symptoms include:
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg – especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
If any of these symptoms occur, call 9-1-1 immediately. It is important to note the time when the symptoms first appeared. An FDA approved clot-buster medication called Activase® can be used for treatment to reduce long-term disability for a common stroke if it is within three hours of the start of the symptoms. This medication is also known as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). tPA is an enzyme found naturally in the body that converts, or activates, plasminogen into another enzyme to dissolve a blood clot. It may also be used in an IV to speed up the dissolving of a clot.
Know the Signs of a Stroke
Identifying stroke symptoms can be easily remembered with the acronym FAST:
F: Face. Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A: Arms. Ask the person to raise their arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S: Speech. Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?
T: Time. If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.
Baptist Health Floyd Primary Stroke Center Team
Baptist Health Floyd has been designated a Primary Stroke Center by HFAP (click here to find out more about HFAP). The stroke team of highly skilled physicians, nurses, therapists and staff are specially trained in stroke diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. Call 812.981.6587 for more information.
Baptist Health Floyd has also received the Get With The Guidelines® – Stroke Silver Plus award for compliance with the quality measures within the guidelines for 12 consecutive months, and has qualified for recognition on the Target: Stroke Honor Roll. Baptist Health Floyd is among an elite group of hospitals recognized by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association that honors the commitment and success in implementing a higher standard of stroke care by ensuring that stroke patients receive treatment according to nationally accepted standards and recommendations.